An organized collection of irrational nonsense [v. 5.5]

An organized collection of irrational nonsense (previously known as the“Venn diagram of irrational nonsense”) v. 5.5. A complete list of irrational and pseudoscientific things that humanity has come up with.

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Ann Druyan about Carl Sagan: “I don’t think I’ll ever see Carl again. But I saw him. We saw each other. We found each other in the cosmos, and that was wonderful”

Ann Druyan on her life with the late Carl Sagan: she shares an intimate perspective on their love, life, and the acceptance of finality without the comfort of belief in an afterlife. Her words offer a profound insight into their shared journey, a testament to the depth of their connection found not in the hereafter, but in the marvels of the cosmos and the reality of the time they had together.

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25 Latin Phrases that everyone should know [meanings & examples]

Latin phrases are often sprinkled in English conversation and writing, some of them are also in scientific communication, offering a touch of elegance or precision. Here are 25 Latin phrases that are commonly used, along with their meanings, and examples:

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The Skeptic’s Guide: How to Identify Fake Science News [10 detailed tips]

In the age of information, the proliferation of fake science news has become an alarming issue. The lines between fact-based, peer-reviewed scientific discoveries and sensational, pseudoscientific claims are increasingly blurred. For the unwary, these faux narratives can lead to dangerous misinformation that undermines critical thinking and scientific integrity. While the internet has democratized access to knowledge, it has also opened the floodgates for unvetted assertions to gain traction. This article aims to serve as a skeptic’s guide for distinguishing between genuine scientific findings and misleading or false information. Through the practical tips below, you’ll learn how to critically evaluate what you read, hear, or see in the realm of science.

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10 Ways to Spot a Conspiracy Theory [With Examples]

Conspiracy theories have been a pervasive part of public discourse, increasingly so in the age of the internet. While they often masquerade as critical thinking or alternative viewpoints, conspiracy theories can be dangerous, fostering mistrust, division, and in extreme cases, inspiring real-world violence. Thus, it’s vital to develop the tools to distinguish between legitimate concerns and unfounded conspiracy theories. Recognizing the difference involves more than just applying common sense or maintaining a blanket agnosticism. Instead, it requires a more nuanced understanding of the underlying characteristics that typify these theories.

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Occam’s Razor explained: When you hear hoofbeats think horses, not zebras

Occam’s razor, a foundational principle in philosophy and science, postulates that when presented with multiple explanations for a phenomenon, the simplest one – requiring the fewest assumptions – is often the most likely to be correct. Named after the 14th-century Franciscan friar, William of Ockham, this heuristic tool champions simplicity and clarity over complexity. At its core, Occam’s razor underscores the value of parsimony in reasoning, suggesting that unnecessary complications in a hypothesis can deter us from the truth. While not an infallible rule, it serves as a guiding light, reminding us that straightforward explanations, free from unwarranted intricacies, often lead the way to genuine understanding.

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Hitchens’s Razor: what can be asserted without evidence can also be dismissed without evidence

In our daily discourse, it’s common to encounter bold claims made without a shred of evidence. These baseless assertions, while occasionally persuasive, rest on shaky ground. Hitchens’s Razor, a clear and concise principle, provides a response to such proclamations: “What can be asserted without evidence can also be dismissed without evidence.” This adage serves as a powerful reminder of the essential role evidence plays in meaningful conversation and debate, prompting both speakers and listeners to prioritize substance over mere speculation.

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Sagan Standard: Extraordinary Claims Require Extraordinary Evidence

Carl Sagan once said, “Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence”, which is now known as the “Sagan Standard”. This means that if someone says something really surprising or unusual, they should have strong proof to back it up. It’s like telling a big story-you need to show it’s true. This idea is important today because there’s a lot of misinformation and conspiracy theories out there. So, Sagan’s rule reminds us to always ask for evidence before believing something that seems too amazing or out of the ordinary. If you’re going to make a big claim, you better have the facts to support it.

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The Optimal Order for Reading Asimov’s Foundation Series [A Comprehensive Guide]

Isaac Asimov’s Foundation series stands as a monumental achievement in science fiction, weaving a tapestry of narratives that span millennia and explore the rise and fall of civilizations. For newcomers to this intricate universe, however, the path to immersion might appear daunting.

With prequels, sequels, and the original trilogy penned over decades, determining an optimal reading order is not a straightforward task. Yet, the sequence in which one approaches these novels can profoundly shape the experience and understanding of Asimov’s grand vision. As a lifelong Asimov fan since my childhood, in this article, I try to guide readers through the cosmic maze of the Foundation saga, suggesting a curated reading order that captures both the series’ chronological events and its evolving thematic depth.

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Leslie Lamport: The Man Who Revolutionized Computer Science With Math

Leslie Lamport’s journey as a computer scientist, driven by his background in mathematics, has significantly influenced modern computer science. Lamport’s philosophical approach toward algorithms and the foundational role of mathematics in programming is instrumental in understanding the relationship between programming and coding. From his reflections on distributed systems to his interactions with industry, we delve deep into Lamport’s transformative insights and breakthroughs.

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